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Pimecrolimus cream 1% for the treatment of papulopustular eruption related to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors: a case series and a literature review of therapeutic approaches.

Dermatology. 2010;220(3):243-8

Authors: Nikolaou V, Stratigos A, Antoniou C, Kiagia M, Nikolaou C, Katsambas A, Syrigos K

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous side effects of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) are very frequent and well known. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of pimecrolimus 1% cream in the treatment of papulopustular eruption caused by EGFRIs and to review the relevant literature on therapeutic approaches. METHODS: Twenty cancer patients being treated with EGFRIs were included in the study. Nine of the patients showed grade 1 and 11 showed grade 2 papulopustular eruption. All patients were treated with pimecrolimus 1% cream, which was applied twice daily. Patients with grade 2 eruption also received systemic minocycline 100 mg/day. RESULTS: All patients with grade 1 eruption responded to treatment, with 4/9 experiencing complete resolution of the lesions 2 weeks after the initiation of treatment. Five out of 11 patients with grade 2 eruption had more than 50% improvement in erythema and pustules, and 1 had complete resolution of the skin lesions. Two patients did not respond to treatment but were significantly improved after substitution of pimecrolimus 1% cream with metronidazole 1% cream. No side effects were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Our case series shows that pimecrolimus cream may be an effective and safe approach in the management of papulopustular eruption related to EGFRIs.

PMID: 20110632 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?tmpl=NoSidebarfile&db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=20110632&dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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