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Mast Cells are Key Mediators of Cathelicidin Initiated Skin Inflammation in Rosacea.

J Invest Dermatol. 2014 May 20;

Authors: Muto Y, Wang Z, Vanderberghe M, Two A, Gallo RL, Di Nardo A

Abstract
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease whose pathophysiological mechanism is still unclear. However, it is known that mast cell (MC) numbers is increased in the dermis of rosacea patients. MC proteases not only recruit other immune cells, which amplify the inflammatory response, but also cause vasodilation and angiogenesis. MCs are also one of the primary sources of cathelicidin LL-37 (Cath LL-37), an antimicrobial peptide that has been shown to be an enabler of rosacea pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that MCs are key mediators of cathelicidin initiated skin inflammation. Following Cath LL-37 injection into the dermis, MC deficient B6.Cg-Kit(W-sh)/HNihrJaeBsmJ (KitW-sh) mice did not develop rosacea-like features. Conversely, chymase (P<0.001), tryptase and Mmp9 (P<0.01) mRNA levels were significantly higher in C57BL/6 Wild Type (WT) mice. Treating WT mice with a MC stabilizer significantly decreased the expressions of Mmp9 and Cxcl2 (P<0.01). Our data was confirmed on Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea subjects that showed a decrease in MMP activity (P<0.05), after eight weeks of topical cromolyn treatment. We conclude that MCs play a central role in the development of inflammation subsequent to Cath LL-37 activation and that down regulation of activated MCs may be a therapy for rosacea treatment.Journal of Investigative Dermatology accepted article preview online, 20 May 2014; doi:10.1038/jid.2014.222.

PMID: 24844861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24844861?dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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